Goat Diagnosed with Rabies in Yuma County
Broomfield, Colo. — The Colorado Department of Agriculture has confirmed that a domestic goat in Yuma County with neurologic clinical signs, including sudden aggression, was euthanized and tested positive for rabies on June 1, 2020. This is the second Colorado case of rabies in domestic livestock this year; in April a bull in Pueblo County was diagnosed with rabies.
“Livestock owners need to be aware that rabies exposure can happen on their property, especially from rabid skunks that gain entry into barns or animal pens,” said State Veterinarian Dr. Keith Roehr. “Veterinarians are a valuable resource to help producers decide the best course of action to protect their herds from rabies. Additionally, while house pets are often vaccinated, barn cats or outdoor pets are often forgotten,”
Rabies can spread from wild animals such as skunks, bats, raccoons and foxes to other mammals, including domestic pets and livestock. Rabies is a deadly disease and vaccination is the single best method to protect pets and livestock. One of the greatest risks of exposure to rabies virus for people is through contact with rabid domestic pets or livestock.
“Animal owners concerned about rabies exposure should consult with their veterinarian and be aware of clinical signs to watch for, including dramatic behavioral changes. That is typically one of the hallmark signs that the animal may be suffering from rabies,” said Roehr.
The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment provides statewide rabies surveillance data. Please visit their website for current rabies case information.
Rabies is a viral disease in mammals that infects the brain. Rabies symptoms typically fall into two types: “aggressive” and “dumb.” Animals with aggressive rabies are combative and have unusually aggressive behavior such as excessive biting. There is also a “dumb” form of the disease in which the animal is lethargic, weak in one or more limbs, and unable to raise its head or make sounds because its throat and neck muscles are paralyzed. However, there have been cases of rabid animals that are not acting obviously abnormal, so suspicion of rabies should not be limited to animals showing classic symptoms.
Rabies is spread primarily by saliva through the bite of a rabid animal. Once symptoms of rabies infection appear, there is no cure and the infection is fatal. People who have been exposed to rabies can receive medication treatment to prevent illness. For pets and livestock, routine rabies vaccination is the best way to protect animals from infection. Animal vaccination regimens vary, so livestock and pet owners are urged to discuss the vaccines with their local veterinarian. Pet vaccination is also required in many jurisdictions for licensure.
All species of livestock are susceptible to rabies; cattle and horses are the most frequently reported infected livestock species. All horses should be considered for vaccination against rabies. Rabies is considered one of the core equine vaccinations in the AAEP guidelines. Livestock that have frequent contact with humans (e.g. in petting zoos, fairs, and other public exhibitions) should be considered for vaccination against rabies, including species for which licensed vaccines are not available (extra-label use). Consideration should also be given to vaccinating livestock that are particularly valuable.
In addition to ensuring that pets and livestock are vaccinated properly against rabies, the following preventative steps are also recommended:
• Be aware of skunks out during the day. This is abnormal behavior and these animals should be avoided.
• Be aware of areas that can be suitable habitat for skunks such as dark holes, under buildings and under equipment.
• Do not feed wild animals or allow your pets around them. Even baby raccoons and skunks can be rabid and transmit the virus. Be sure to teach children to stay away from wild animals. Avoid leaving pet food outside as that may attract a wild animal.
• Contact your veterinarian right away, if any of your animals are bitten or scratched by any wild animal, particularly skunks, bats, foxes or raccoons.
• If your animals exhibit any neurologic or dramatic behavioral changes, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Isolate and avoid contact with these animals if possible.
• If you have been bitten or scratched by a wild animal, contact your physician and local health department right away.
• If you must remove a dead skunk on your property, wear rubber gloves or lift the carcass with a shovel or other tool, and double-bag it for the trash. Do not directly touch the skunk with bare hands. ❖
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