House releases disaster bill with cotton, dairy, SNAP add-ons
December 22, 2017
House Republican leaders on Dec. 19 released a hurricane and wildfire disaster package that would also attempt to deal with problems in the cotton and dairy programs and cut the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), but early today its future was uncertain.
Republicans indicated they would add the disaster package and several other measures to the continuing resolution, but Politico reported early Dec. 19 that the Republicans abandoned plans to fund the Pentagon for the rest of the fiscal year and decided the disaster bill would have to have a separate vote.
The prospects for other add-ons — such as funding for the Children's Health Insurance Program, veterans' health care, Obamacare cost-sharing subsidies, a renewal of the cyber surveillance tools and a tax bill waiver from statutory Pay-As-You-Go rules — are also uncertain.
House Republican leaders hope to vote on any bills Dec. 21 and leave Washington on the assumption the Senate will accept their bill rather than return next week, Politico said.
The provisions on pages 149 to 159 of the bill would declare "seed cotton" eligible for farm subsidies, repeal the existing cap on dairy and all livestock insurance policies in the Federal Crop Insurance Act, and set up an interstate database, or system of databases, of SNAP information to be known as the National Accuracy Clearinghouse.
Senate Agriculture Committee ranking member Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., criticized the provisions for not doing enough for dairy and for cutting nutrition programs.
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"While I'm encouraged that the House has recognized the need to support both dairy and cotton, this bill misses an important opportunity to repair the broken dairy safety net," Stabenow said.
"Expanding insurance options for dairy farmers is a good first step – but there's more we can do to help our producers recover from tough economic times and lay the groundwork for further progress in the 2018 farm bill," Stabenow continued. "As the Senate completes its work on the disaster package, I will continue to support the Margin Protection Program improvements that Senators (Thad) Cochran, R-Miss., and (Patrick) Leahy (D-Vt.) made in the Senate Agriculture Appropriations bill." (Cochran chairs the Senate Appropriations Committee, and Leahy is the committee's ranking member. They have attempted to address the complaints from the cotton and dairy industries that the 2014 farm bill does not work for them.)
"It is also unacceptable that the House decided to target our food safety net for families in exchange for much-needed improvements in the farm safety net. Pitting one part of the farm bill against another is the wrong way to get things done," Stabenow added.
National Farmers Union President Roger Johnson said the cotton growers and dairy producers need fixes prior to the start of the next farm bill, but that NFU "remains opposed to farm programs being pitted against nutrition programs."
"The cotton and dairy industries both face major economic hardships. Both need financial assistance," Johnson said. "While NFU supports the cotton and dairy changes included in the bill, much more must be done. It is very disappointing that House appropriators provide significantly lower levels of assistance for dairy producers, who are struggling tremendously with low milk prices, market uncertainty, and a deeply flawed safety net program. We urge the Senate and House negotiators to find ways to provide more real, meaningful help."
"We should also avoid cuts to nutrition program infrastructure outside of the farm bill reform debate. Broad coalitions, over the course of the last year, have repeatedly stated that one farm bill program should not be an offset from the other. We stand by that sentiment," Johnson concluded.
A spokesman for the National Milk Producers Federation the group had no comment because the measure is "still in a state of flux."
Jim Weill, president of the Food Research & Action Center, which lobbies on nutrition issues, said in an email, "In a disaster relief bill whose much-needed provisions generally are not being paid for, it is unacceptable that the House decided to take money out of the nutrition programs to pay for a part of farm disaster relief. Over the course of the last year, nutrition, farm and conservation groups have repeatedly stood together to say that offsetting one farm bill program with cuts in another is unacceptable. FRAC stands by that position."