Plains Edition USDA Information 4-21-12 | TheFencePost.com

Plains Edition USDA Information 4-21-12

Nebraska Crops/Weather summary

Week Ending April 17, 2012

For the week ending April 15, 2012, strong storms late in the week delayed field activities but increased soil moisture levels, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. High winds, tornados and hail damaged property in parts of the state. However, the general rain was welcome and should aid germination of spring planted crops. Corn planting made little progress during the 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Seeding of oats was three-fourths completed with one third of the crop emerged. Wheat jointed at 38 percent was two and half weeks ahead of average creating concern for potential freeze damage. Soil temperatures cooled and ranged from the low 50’s in the west to mid 50’s in the east. Cattle and calves were in mostly good to excellent condition. Spring calving was 88 percent complete with calf losses below average.

In general, temperatures averaged one degree below normal across the northern half of the state, and 1 degree above normal across the south. Highs reached the upper 70’s and lows fell to the mid 20’s in the Panhandle. An inch or more of precipitation was common across the eastern two-thirds of the state with two inches or more reported in portions of eastern and central Nebraska. Amounts were generally less than .5 inch in the Panhandle with some snow reported.

Field Crops Report

Corn was 4 percent planted, ahead of 2 last year and 1 average. Wheat jointed was 38 percent, well ahead of 5 percent last year and 6 average. Wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent, well above last year’s 41 percent good to excellent and 56 average. Oats planted were at 77 percent, well ahead of 52 last year and one and half weeks of 48 average. Oats emerged was 35 percent, well ahead of 5 last year and 10 average. Alfalfa conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 15 excellent, below last year’s 71 percent good to excellent but near 66 average. Concerns were expressed about insect levels. The first fields of alfalfa were cut.

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Livestock, Pasture, and Range Report

Cattle and calf condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 5 fair, 75 good, and 20 excellent. Spring calving was 88 percent complete. Calf losses rated 34 percent below average, 66 average, and 0 above average. Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 41 fair, 45 good, and 5 excellent.

Temperature DatA by region

Northwest (NW) which includes Chadron, Scottsbluff & Sidney

Temperature – 72 max, 24 min.

North Central (NC) which includes Valentine

Temperature – 68 max, 23 min.

Central (Cen) which includes Grand Island and Ord

Temperature – 71 max, 23 min.

Southwest (SW) which includes Imperial and North Platte

Temperature – 77 max, 30 min.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture

State Report: Topsoil: 67% adequate, 5% surplus. Subsoil: 56% adequate, 1% surplus.

National Slaughter Cattle Summary

Week Ending april 13, 2012

Slaughter cattle sold mostly steady, dressed sales in Nebraska 1.00 higher. Boxed beef prices showing an increase after being down last week. Boxed beef prices Friday morning averaged 177.75 up 1.55 from last Friday. The Choice/Select spread is at .82. Slaughter cattle on a national basis for negotiated cash trades through Friday morning totaled about 108,794 head. Last week’s total head count was 83,810.

Midwest Direct Markets:

Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-80 Percent Choice

1200-1400 lbs: 122.00-123.50

Dressed Basis: Steers and Heifers: 194.00-195.00

South Plains Direct Markets:

Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-65 percent Choice

1100-1400 lbs: 122.00

Slaughter Cows and Bulls (Average Yielding Prices):

Slaughter cows and bulls mostly steady t 2.00 higher. USDA’s Cutter cow carcass cut-out value Friday morning was 171.39 up 2.16 from last Friday.

Prices paid for average dressing:

%Lean Weight Colorado Oklahoma

Breakers 75-80% 1000-1600 85.00-88.50 90.00-93.00

Boners 80-85% 1000-1600 84.50-88.00 91.50-93.50

Lean 85-90% 1000-1400 81.00-84.50 88.25-89.00

Bulls 88-92% 1200-2300 94.00-95.00 103.50-108.00

Omaha afternoon wheat, corn, oats & soybeans

Monday, April 11, 2012

Spot Cash Grain Prices: Prices bid or paid per bushel, except grain Sorghum per CWT., at rural Nebraska elevators as of 2:00 P.M. Wednesday, April 11, 2012.

US No. 1 Hard Red Winter Wheat 5.36-6.06

US No. 2 Yellow Corn 5.77-5.99

US No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 9.50-10.07

US No 1 Yellow Soybeans 13.00-13.74

March 2012 Monthly Prices:

Low High Average

US No. 1 Winter Wheat 5.36 6.06 5.77

US No. 2 Yellow Corn 5.77 5.99 5.87

No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 10.07 9.50 9.92

US No. 1 Yellow Soybeans 13.00 13.74 13.39