Plains Edition USDA Information 4-28-12 | TheFencePost.com

Plains Edition USDA Information 4-28-12

Nebraska Crops/Weather summary

Week Ending April 22, 2012

For the week ending April 22, 2012, field activities picked up momentum but were slowed due to damp soils, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Corn planting increased to 14 percent complete during the 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Seeding of oats was 85 percent complete with about half of the crop emerged. Wheat jointed, at 59 percent, continued two and one half weeks ahead of average. The first fields of soybeans were planted and sugarbeet planting in the Panhandle has begun. Soil temperatures ranged from the low 50’s in the northern counties to upper 50’s across the south. Cattle and calves were in mostly good to excellent condition. Spring calving was 92 percent complete with calf losses below average. In general, temperatures averaged one degree below normal across the northern half of the state and one degree above normal across the south. Highs reached the upper 70’s and lows fell to the high 20’s in the Panhandle. Light precipitation fell across much of the state with most areas receiving less than half an inch. Portions of Boyd and Holt Counties in North Central Nebraska received over 1.5 inches.

Field Crops Report

Corn was 14 percent planted, ahead of 4 last year and 9 average. Corn emerged was 1 percent. Wheat jointed was 59 percent, ahead of 9 percent last year and two and one half weeks ahead of 13 average. Wheat conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 30 fair, 53 good, and 11 excellent, well above last year’s 43 percent good to excellent and 58 average. Oats planted was at 85 percent, ahead of 66 last year and one and one half weeks ahead of 69 average. Oats emerged was 49 percent, well ahead of 18 last year and 23 average. Oats conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 70 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 53 good, and 15 excellent, below last year’s 75 percent good to excellent but near 67 average. Concerns were expressed about insect levels. The first cutting of alfalfa was 5 percent complete.

Livestock, Pasture, and Range Report

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Cattle and calf condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 6 fair, 73 good, and 21 excellent. Spring calving was 92 percent complete. Calf losses rated 32 percent below average, 67 average, and 1 above average. Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 33 fair, 54 good, and 6 excellent, below 67 percent good to excellent last year and 66 average.

Temperature DatA by region

Northwest (NW) which includes Chadron, Scottsbluff & Sidney

Temperature – 72 max, 29 min.

North Central (NC) which includes Valentine

Temperature – 76 max, 30 min.

Central (Cen) which includes Grand Island and Ord

Temperature – 76 max, 33 min.

Southwest (SW) which includes Imperial and North Platte

Temperature – 77 max, 31 min.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture

State Report: Topsoil: 72% adequate, 2% surplus. Subsoil: 56% adequate, 1% surplus.

National Slaughter Cattle Summary

Week Ending april 20, 2012

Slaughter cattle sold 1.50 higher early in Nebraska; dressed sales 5.00 higher. Other markets not fully established. Reduced harvest rates along with the prospects of grilling season allow packers to again negotiate higher prices. Boxed beef prices Friday morning averaged 186.24 up 8.32 from last Friday. The Choice/Select spread is at 3.72. Slaughter cattle on a national basis for negotiated cash trades through Friday morning totaled about 105,666 head. Last week’s total head count was 115,948.

Midwest Direct Markets:

Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-80 Percent Choice

1200-1400 lbs: 123.50-125.00

Dressed Basis: Steers and Heifers: 199.00-200.00

South Plains Direct Markets:

Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-65 percent Choice

1100-1400 lbs: 121.00-121.50

Slaughter Cows and Bulls (Average Yielding Prices):

Slaughter cows and bulls mostly steady to 2.00 higher. USDA’s Cutter cow carcass cut-out value Friday morning was 174.25 up 1.18 from last Friday.

Prices paid for average dressing:

%Lean Weight Colorado Oklahoma

Breakers 75-80% 1000-1600 83.50-87.00 90.00-94.00

Boners 80-85% 1000-1600 82.50-86.00 90.50-94.50

Lean 85-90% 1000-1400 80.00-84.00 87.00-89.00

Bulls 88-92% 1200-2300 95.00-99.00 105.00-110.00

Omaha afternoon wheat, corn, oats & soybeans

Monday, April 11, 2012

Spot Cash Grain Prices: Prices bid or paid per bushel, except grain Sorghum per CWT., at rural Nebraska elevators as of 2:00 P.M. Wednesday, April 11, 2012.

US No. 1 Hard Red Winter Wheat 5.42-6.20

US No. 2 Yellow Corn 5.81-6.08

US No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 9.63-10.20

US No 1 Yellow Soybeans 13.65-14.41

March 2012 Monthly Prices:

Low High Average

US No. 1 Winter Wheat 5.42 6.20 5.92

US No. 2 Yellow Corn 5.81 6.08 5.95

No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 9.63 10.20 9.93

US No. 1 Yellow Soybeans 13.65 14.41 14.05