Plains Edition USDA Information 7-7-12
Nebraska Crops/Weather summary
Week Ending July 2, 2012
Triple digit temperatures along with limited precipitation depleted soil moisture levels and caused crop conditions to decline, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Soil moisture levels are at 21 percent adequate or surplus compared to the 85 percent 5 year average. One quarter of the corn crop is in pollination stage while one quarter of the soybean crop is blooming, both 11 days ahead of average. Wheat harvest was 3 weeks ahead of average at 69 percent, while oat harvest made significant gains at 60 percent complete. Producers were busy providing water with near half of the state’s cropland irrigated. As pasture conditions declined, western producers were supplemental feeding livestock and considering culling options.
Temperatures ranged from 3 degrees above normal in the Northeast District to 9 degrees above normal in the Panhandle and Southwest Districts. Highs reached triple digits across the state, and lows were recorded in the mid 50’s. Isolated pockets received measureable rainfall; however, most of the state saw little to no precipitation. The Panhandle has averaged a little over 1 inch of rainfall per month since April 1.
Field Crops Report
Corn silked was 25 percent, compared to 0 last year and 2 average. Corn conditions rated 4 percent very poor, 11 poor, 29 fair, 48 good, and 8 excellent, well below last year’s 83 percent good to excellent and 80 average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 70 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 35. Much of the dryland corn acreage in the western two-thirds of the state rated poor or very poor. Soybeans blooming were 25 percent, ahead of 7 last year and 9 average. Soybean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 39 fair, 42 good, and 3 excellent, well below last year’s 81 percent good to excellent and 79 average. Sorghum conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 15 poor, 47 fair, 34 good, and 1 excellent, well below last year’s 81 percent good to excellent and 76 average. Wheat ripe was 88 percent, compared to 16 last year and 23 average. Wheat harvested was 69 percent, compared to 1 last year and 21 days ahead of 5 average. Most of the unharvested fields were in the Panhandle. Oats harvested was 60 percent, compared to 0 last year and 1 average. Oats conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 13 poor, 42 fair, 44 good, and 0 excellent, well below 85 percent good to excellent last year and 84 average. Dry bean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 47 fair, 41 good, and 3 excellent, well below 65 percent good to excellent last year and average. The second cutting of alfalfa was 83 percent complete, well ahead of 15 last year and 18 average. The third cutting of alfalfa was 4 percent complete. Alfalfa rated 14 percent very poor, 26 poor, 35 fair, 24 good, and 1 excellent, well below 85 percent good to excellent last year and 77 average. Wild hay harvest was 43 percent complete, ahead of 27 last year and 11 average. Wild hay conditions rated 8 percent very poor, 17 poor, 43 fair, 32 good, and 0 excellent, well below last year’s 75 percent good to excellent.
Temperature DatA by region
Northwest (NW) which includes Chadron, Scottsbluff & Sidney
Temperature – 106 max, 55 min.
North Central (NC) which includes Valentine
Temperature – 107 max, 59 min.
Central (Cen) which includes Grand Island and Ord
Temperature – 109 max, 59 min.
Southwest (SW) which includes Imperial and North Platte
Temperature – 109 max, 58 min.
Topsoil and subsoil moisture
State Report: Topsoil: 21% adequate, 0% surplus. Subsoil: 21% adequate, 0% surplus.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report
Pasture and range conditions rated 20 percent very poor, 32 poor, 33 fair, 15 good, and 0 excellent, well below 81 percent good to excellent last year and 79 average.
National Slaughter Cattle Summary
Week Ending June 29, 2012
Slaughter cattle trading steady in Kansas. Feedyards in Texas and Nebraska not willing to do business at these levels as of Friday afternoon. Beef prices continue to decline. Boxed beef prices Friday morning averaged 186.57 down 1.79 from last Friday. The Choice/Select spread is at 16.24. Slaughter cattle on a national basis for negotiated cash trades through Friday morning totaled about 10,000. Last week’s total head count was 95,323.
Midwest Direct Markets:
Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-80 Percent Choice
1200-1400 lbs: Not Established
Dressed Basis: Steers and Heifers: Not Established
South Plains Direct Markets:
Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-65 percent Choice
1100-1400 lbs: 116.00 Kansas only
Slaughter Cows and Bulls (Average Yielding Prices):
Slaughter cows steady to 4.00 higher. Slaughter bulls steady to 2.00 higher. USDA’s Cutter cow carcass cut-out value Friday morning was 172.11 down .95 from last Friday.
Omaha afternoon wheat, corn, oats & soybeans
Spot Cash Grain Prices: Prices bid or paid per bushel, except grain Sorghum per CWT., at rural Nebraska elevators as of 2:00 P.M. Tuesday, July 03, 2012.
US No. 1 Hard Red Winter Wheat 7.26-7.84
US No. 2 Yellow Corn 6.79-7.10
US No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 11.14-12.05
US No 1 Yellow Soybeans 14.55-15.08
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