Plains Edition USDA Information for 6-2-12
June 4, 2012
Nebraska Crops/Weather summary
Week Ending May 20, 2012
Hot, dry, and windy conditions prevailed until showers moved across portions of eastern Nebraska late in the week, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. The above normal temperatures and winds have taken a toll on soil moisture levels, which continue well below last year and normal. Producers have started pivots to aid crop germination and to activate chemicals. Progress in planting spring crops continued ahead of average with corn near completion, soybeans near two weeks ahead of average, and half of the sorghum crop planted. Wheat was 81 percent headed, 19 days ahead of average. Progress of the first cutting of alfalfa was 3 weeks ahead of average. Proso millet and dry bean planting continued. The dry conditions have affected pastures as well, with poorest conditions in northern Panhandle counties. Temperatures averaged 3 degrees above normal in the west to 6 degrees above normal in the east. High temperatures ranged from the mid 90’s to lows of lower 30’s in the Panhandle. Precipitation fell across most areas of the state but accumulation varied widely. The Northeast District received the largest amounts with some locations recording over 1.5 inches of rain. The Panhandle has received near half of normal precipitation since the first of the year.
Field Crops Report
Corn planting neared completion at 98 percent complete, ahead of 91 last year and 92 average. Corn emerged stood at 78 percent, well ahead of 45 last year and 9 days ahead of 49 average. Corn conditions rated 2 percent poor, 20 fair, 71 good, and 7 excellent. Soybean planting was 83 percent complete, ahead of 60 last year and 13 days ahead of 54 average. Soybeans emerged were 42 percent, ahead of 15 last year and 12 average. Sorghum planting was 47 percent complete, ahead of 28 last year and 1 week ahead of 27 average. Sorghum emerged was 17 percent, ahead of 5 last year and 4 average. Oats emerged were at 99 percent, well ahead of 82 last year and 93 average. Oats conditions rated 2 percent poor, 26 fair, 70 good, and 2 excellent. Wheat headed was 81 percent, ahead of 6 last year and 19 days ahead of 11 average. The impact of hot and dry conditions and low temperatures on wheat in the Panhandle is being felt. Wheat conditions declined and rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 32 fair, 52 good, and 8 excellent, above last year’s 52 percent good to excellent but below 64 average. Dry beans planted were 24 percent complete, well ahead of 1 last year and 14 days ahead of 5 average. Proso millet was 10 percent planted.The first cutting of alfalfa was 58 percent complete, well ahead of 3 last year and 23 days ahead of 7 average. Concerns continued over insect activity. Alfalfa rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 28 fair, 53 good, and 12 excellent, below 73 percent good to excellent last year and average.
Livestock, Pasture, and Range Report
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Pasture and range conditions declined and rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 38 fair, 49 good, and 4 excellent, below last year’s 73 percent good to excellent and 72 average.
Temperature DatA by region
Northwest (NW) which includes Chadron, Scottsbluff & Sidney
Temperature – 89 max, 36 min.
North Central (NC) which includes Valentine
Temperature – 90 max, 38 min.
Central (Cen) which includes Grand Island and Ord
Temperature – 93 max, 33 min.
Southwest (SW) which includes Imperial and North Platte
Temperature – 94 max, 37 min.
Topsoil and subsoil moisture
State Report: Topsoil: 49% adequate, 1% surplus. Subsoil: 49% adequate, 1% surplus.
National Slaughter Cattle Summary
Week Ending May 25, 2012
Slaughter cattle traded 2.00 lower on a live basis while dressed sales were 1.00 lower. Many feedyards caved middle of the week as cattle futures declined. Slaughter rates remain fairly strong though still less than a year ago, however slaughter weights are well above last year. Boxed beef prices Friday morning averaged 190.40 up .87 from last Friday. The Choice/Select spread is at 8.61. Slaughter cattle on a national basis for negotiated cash trades through Friday morning totaled about 101,636 head. Last week’s total head count was 123,191.
Midwest Direct Markets:
Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-80 Percent Choice
1200-1400 lbs: 122
Dressed Basis: Steers and Heifers: 194
South Plains Direct Markets:
Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-65 percent Choice
1100-1400 lbs: 121
Slaughter Cows and Bulls (Average Yielding Prices):
Slaughter cows and bulls sold mostly steady, instance 2.00 higher in the southeast. USDA’s Cutter cow carcass cut-out value Friday morning was 179.28 unchanged from last Friday.
Prices paid for average dressing:
%Lean Weight Colorado Oklahoma
Breakers 75-80% 1000-1600 85.50-89.00 93.50-95.00
Boners 80-85% 1000-1600 84.50-89.00 93.50-97.00
Lean 85-90% 1000-1400 83.00-86.50 89.00-93.00
Bulls 88-92% 1200-2300 101.00-105.00 113.50-119.00
Omaha afternoon wheat, corn, oats & soybeans
Spot Cash Grain Prices: Prices bid or paid per bushel, except grain Sorghum per CWT., at rural Nebraska elevators as of 2:00 P.M. Thursday, May 31, 2012.
US No. 1 Hard Red Winter Wheat 5.85-6.39
US No. 2 Yellow Corn 5.57-5.83
US No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 8.75-9.36
US No 1 Yellow Soybeans 12.38-13.16