USDA Information 4-7-12 |

USDA Information 4-7-12

Nebraska Crops/Weather summary

Week Ending April 2, 2012

For the week ending April 1, 2012, high winds coupled with temperatures well above normal and little precipitation caused soil moisture levels to be below previous year and 5 year averages, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. The first fields of corn have been planted, but most producers were holding off to limit chances of freeze damage. Planting of oats was off to a good start with 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Producers have been applying fertilizer, performing spring tillage, and getting machinery ready to plant. Soil temperatures have climbed into the mid 50’s to low 60’s compared to upper 30’s to mid 40’s last year. Spring calving was near three-fourths complete with favorable conditions having aided in calf losses to be well below average.

Temperatures averaged 18 degrees above normal across the state. Highs reached the low 90’s in the east and lows dipped to just below freezing in the Panhandle. Limited or no precipitation was recorded across most of the state. However, isolated pockets in South Central and extreme Southeast Nebraska received over one inch.

Field Crops Report

Wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 56 good, and 7 excellent, well above last year’s 36 percent good to excellent. The first fields of corn were being planted in the eastern third of the state. Oats planted were at 38 percent, well ahead of last year’s 14 and 13 average.

Livestock, Pasture, and Range Report

Cattle and calf condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 8 fair, 77 good, and 15 excellent. Spring calving was 73 percent complete. Calf losses rated 32 percent below average, 67 average, and 1 above average.

Temperature DatA by region

Northwest (NW) which includes Chadron, Scottsbluff & Sidney

Temperature – 87 max, 29 min.

North Central (NC) which includes Valentine

Temperature – 91 max, 37 min.

Central (Cen) which includes Grand Island and Ord

Temperature – 87 max, 37 min.

Southwest (SW) which includes Imperial and North Platte

Temperature – 93 max, 31 min.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture

State Report: Topsoil: 40% adequate, 0% surplus. Subsoil: 45% adequate, 0% surplus.

National Slaughter Cattle Summary

Week Ending March 30, 2012

Compared to last week slaughter cattle sold 1.00 lower, dressed sales in Nebraska 1.00-2.00 lower. Boxed beef prices declining despite the lighter slaughter rates. Boxed beef prices Friday morning averaged 183.48 down 3.51 from last Friday. The Choice/Select spread is at 0.65. Slaughter cattle on a national basis for negotiated cash trades through Friday afternoon totaled about 119,113 head. Last week’s total head count was 138,686.

Midwest Direct Markets:

Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-80 Percent Choice

1200-1400 lbs: 126.00-127.00

Dressed Basis: Steers and Heifers: 202.00

South Plains Direct Markets:

Live Basis: Steers and Heifers 35-65 percent Choice

1100-1400 lbs: 125.00

Slaughter Cows and Bulls (Average Yielding Prices):

Slaughter cows mostly steady. Slaughter bulls steady, except Oklahoma 2.00-4.00 higher. USDA’s Cutter cow carcass cut-out value Friday morning was 169.23 down 2.20 from last Friday.

Prices paid for average dressing:

%Lean Weight Colorado Oklahoma

Breakers 75-80% 1000-1600 84.00-87.50 90.00-93.50

Boners 80-85% 1000-1600 83.50-87.00 89.50-92.50

Lean 85-90% 1000-1400 80.00-83.50 87.50-91.50

Bulls 88-92% 1200-2300 96.00-97.00 111.00-112.50

Omaha afternoon wheat, corn, oats & soybeans

Monday, April 5, 2012

Nebraska Rural Elevators: Spot Cash Grain Prices: Prices bid or paid per bushel, except grain Sorghum per CWT., at rural Nebraska elevators as of 2:00 P.M. Thursday, April 05, 2012.

US No. 1 Hard Red Winter Wheat 5.72-6.42

US No. 2 Yellow Corn 6.31-6.55

US No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 18.68-19.88

US No 1 Yellow Soybeans 13.26-13.95

March 2012 Monthly Prices:

Low High Average

US No. 1 Winter Wheat 5.72 6.42 6.10

US No. 2 Yellow Corn 6.31 6.55 6.43

No. 2 Yellow Grain Sorghum 18.68 19.88 19.42

US No. 1 Yellow Soybeans 13.26 13.95 13.61

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